Annual Activity Report 2002-2003
Fisheries & animal Resources Development Department
Government of Orissa
1.1 The Department of Fisheries & Animal Resources Development Department came into being in 1991after being bifurcated from the erstwhile forest, Fisheries & Animal Resources Development Department vide G.A Department Resolution No. 28038 /Gen., dt .10.10.1990.
1.2 The Department is a nodal Department for formulating plan, policies and programmes for Fishery as well as Animal Resource Sector and is responsible for its successful implementation.
1.3 The Department aims at promoting Fishery potential of the State and increasing milk, egg and meat production through various means in addition to providing Veterinary Services to a large number of Animal populations.
The Department aims to achieve its objectives through following measures: –
(i) Enlarging Inland Water Resource for Pisciculture. (ii) Maximizing Utilization of Brackish Water Resources. (iii) Harnessing Marine Resources in greater proportion. (iv) Adapting Modern Technology of Pisciculture. (v) Improving professionalism through training/ counseling. (vi) Forming cooperativeâ€™s for community participation and expanding market potential. (vii) Encouraging private sector to adopt scientific farming applying latest technology. (viii) Improving potential of local breeds. (ix) Dissemination of new technology. (x) Better animal management nutrition and health. (xi) Increase productivity through genetic up-gradation. (xii) Expansion of livestock sector activities. (xiii) Strengthening of Orissa Biological Product Institute for production of lifesaving biological vaccine and medicines. (xiv) Strengthening disease control mechanism.
2.1 The Fisheries & Animal Resources Development Department consists of two sectors namely Fisheries & animal Resource Development.
2.2 In Fishery Sector, there is a Directorate headed by a Director, enjoying powers and functions of Heads of the Department. In the Directorate, the Director is assisted by 1. Additional Director, 2. Joint Directors, 6. Deputy Directors, 2. Assistant Directors, 9. Branch Officers and a host of supporting staff. In the field, there are 3 Deputy Directors in charge of 3 Zones corresponding to Revenue divisional Zones of Northern, Southern and Central Zones. Besides, there is 1 Deputy Director in charge of Principal Fishery Training Institute, Balugaon and a Project Director, Shrimp Hatchery, Chandrabhaga. The district level administration is managed by 9 DFOâ€™s (Junior Class-I rank) and 21 ADFâ€™s (Class-II rank).
2.3 There are two autonomous bodies namely Orissa Fishermen Cooperative Federation popularly known as FISHFED and Orissa Pisciculture Development Corporation(OPDC) to look after welfare of the fishermen and pisciculture development respectively. These organizations function under the aegis of Fishery & ARD Department.
2.4 In Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Service Sector, there is a Directorate headed by a Director enjoying the powers and functions of Heads of Department. In the Directorate, the Director is assisted by 1. Additional Director, 3. Joint Directors Level-II, 6. Deputy Directors, 10. Branch Officers and a host of supporting staff. IN the field, there are 13. Chief District Veterinary Officers (Class-I Senior) in charge of 13 districts. In the remaining 17 districts, the Sub-Divisional Veterinary Officers functioning in the district headquarter are looking after the districts affairs. Besides, there are 5 Deputy Directors in charge of Frozen Semen Bank and 3 Orissa biological Product Institutes. There are 58 SDVOâ€™s in 58 sub-Divisions of the State and 912 VAS in 314 blocks of the State to provide Veterinary Service in field level.
2.5 There are 2 autonomous bodies namely OMFED and OPOLFED promoting production and marketing of milk, Milk products and egg and chicken. These organization function under the aegis of Fishery & ARD Department.
2.6 There is also another organization namely â€˜ Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animalsâ€œ. This is a State level Animal Welfare Organization functioning since 1936 registered under Societies Registration Act-1860.
12. Activities in Animal Resources Development Sectors:
The Plan, programme and policies of ARD sector is carried out through the Directorate of Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Services, Orissa.
Animal Husbandry is the major source of supplementary income for rural households. Livestock production has always been an integral part of the rural livelihood systems in Orissa. The predominant farming system in Orissa is the mixed crop-livestock farming system and over 90 percent of all farms of all categories confirm to this farming system. The livestock wealth of Orissa is impressive in numbers across all species constituting a natural resource base with immense livelihood implications, even though productivity levels are very low. Livestock holding in Orissa is equitable as over 80 percent of all livestock are owned by the marginal/ small holders and the landless. The main livestock products in the state are milk, meat, egg, and draught power in particular.
Livestock sector development in Orissa is organized under the Department of Fisheries and Animal Resources Development, headed by the Secretary to Govt., F & ARD. The Secretary is the principal advisor to the Government on all matters related to Livestock Resources Development. The Department of F & ARD formulates state policies in the livestock sector, oversees operations of all functional departments under it, orchestrates development plans and projects, provides the linkage with other development departments and is the nodal authority for all administrative approvals.
12.1 The Livestock policy of the State Government has a pro-poor focus and lays emphasis on employment opportunities, nutritional status and income of the small holders possessing nearly 80% of livestock population.
12.2 To achieve the objectives setout in the livestock policy, stress has been given on improvement of livestock wealth by strengthening health care measures, developing infrastructure for preservation, processing and marketing of livestock products, improving local breeds of sheep, cattle etc. by cross breeding and above all conducting farmers training programme (including women) to move them conversant with modern methods of farming.
The State has good potential of livestock population. The livestock population of the State as per 2001 census are as follows.:
12.3 Significant improvement has been made in the field of livestock health, preventive measures, breeding network and production of quality livestock and livestock products during the year 2002-03.
13. Cattle Development:
13.1 Cattle and Buffaloes are the most important species among all the livestock in India and they account for 75% of the total output value of livestock, milk has emerged as the single largest crop in animal Husbandry both in terms of quality and value. For increase milk production artificial insemination in cattle and buffalo has been adopted extensively. As there is need to strengthen the breeding network to cover 100% breedable population, a proposal has been submitted to Government of India for extending support to this programme. At the same time on the recommendation of Government of India, an autonomous agency named as Orissa Livestock Resources Development society (OLRDS) has been formed to take independent decision in the matter of monitoring of breeding network in the state as per the approved breeding policy.
The project proposal submitted to Government of India by the society under national Project for cattle & buffalo breeding has been approved for a period of 3 years commencing from 2001-02 with a total outlay of Rs.26.44 crores. The National Project for cattle & buffalo breeding aims at supplying improved quality breeding inputs at farmerâ€™s level to ensure enhanced conception rates and genetically superior progenies. During 2001-02, Government of India have released Rs.40,00,000/- as an adhoc grant to build-up groundwork for implementation of the programme. During 2002-03, a sum of Rs.5.51 crores has been sanctioned and released to OLRDS.The OLRDS also generate funds by collecting user fee from the public. Up to the end of 2002-03, an amount of Rs. 1,58,70,945.00 has been collected from the public and deposited in OLRDS account. The breeding programme is carried on through the Department of ARD, milk unions affiliated to Cooperative Milk Federation and Utkal Gomangal Samiti.
14. Dairy Development:
14.1 Under operation flood programme implemented by OMFED, Intensive Dairy Development has been taken-up in undivided districts of Puri, Cuttack, Dhenkanal, Keonjhar and Sambalpur. The programme has been extended to Ganjam and Gajapati district with the help of externally aided indo-Swiss project. In addition to this, 7 Dairy Projects for women are in operation in the undivided district Cuttack, Keonjhar, Balasore, Ganjam, Puri, Dhenkanal & Sambalpur under STEP programme with full assistance of Department of women and child development, government of India nearly 50,000 rural women have been benefited through Women Primary Milk Producers Cooperative societies and will be instrumental in augmenting milk production in the State.
14.2 OMFED has taken steps to expand the capacity of Bhubaneswar Dairy Plant from 75,000 LPD to 1,25,000 LPD. OMFED will soon set-up a Milk Producer Plant at Bhubaneswar under SGSY special project for which Department of Rural Development, Government of India have sanctioned Rs.9.00 crores.
OMFED has 2.15 lakhs LPD processing capacity within its operation area and carrying on marketing of milk and milk products in 45 town of the state apart from extending its marketing to Calcutta. The daily milk marketing is on average 1.5 lakhs liter having an annual turnover of around 70 crores.
14.3 Women involvement in Livestock Development under STEP:
An agriculture dominated village Kurunjipur is situated near Nimapada in the District of Puri, the sacred land of Lord Jagannath. A women Dairy Co-Operative Society was organized in that village in the year 1996 with 30 members having 20 liters of surplus milk under STEP assistance. Miss Parvati Sahoo, a young and energetic lady of the village took over the responsibility of Secretary to manage the newly born society. After a couple of months, she got the training of Veterinary First aid and Artificial Insemination at OMFED Training Center, Jagannathpur.
She started door-to-door campaign in her village and gradually extended it to adjacent villages by ignoring all the criticisms and superstitions. She motivated the womenfolk to bring the cows to society for insemination. Within a period of 3 to 4 years, radical changes were noticed in the number of cross-bred calves, heifers and cows resulting a substantial increase in milk production in the operational area of the society. This also improved the socio-economic status of rural women. She is now a respectable lady of the village and also able to earn nearly Rs.3000/- per month wit the self-satisfaction of serving the society.
14.4 Dairy Farms:
There are 8 livestock breeding and dairy farms under government sector. The aims of these farms are to produce hybrid bull calves for supply to State Semen collection centers and Natural Service Zones for upgradation of local breeds.
14.5 The integrated Dairy Development Project for hilly and backward areas has been in operation in the non-operation flood districts since 1994-95 through Central Assistance. Infrastructures have been built-up to collect 30,000 liters of milk per day.
14.6 In the non-operation flood districts, 14 District Milk Unions and 620 MPCS have been organized. Six Dairy Plants, 9 chilling Plants and 20 Bulk Cooler Units are functioning. The work for establishment of 10,000 liters per day capacity Dairy Plant at Bhawanipatna and installation of 14 Bulk Cooler Units are in progress.
15. Poultry Development:
15.1 There are 9 Poultry & 2 Duck Breeding Farms in the State. These farms are on the decline due to budget cut. The duck Breeding Farm at Khapuria in Cuttack district and Regional Poultry Farm at Sundergarh are only maintaining parent birds. The Angul Poultry Farm & Similiguda Poultry breeding Farm are being revitalized through Central Assistance.
15.2 Presently, 3 Integrated Poultry Development Project are functioning at Bhubaneswar, Berhampur and Rourkela to popularize poultry activities in private sector. Through this project, societies are being formed to take-up poultry farming and the members are provided with technical assistance.
15.3 Orissa Poultry Federation (OPOLFED) an autonomous body is functioning at Bhubaneswar with an objective to popularize poultry products and create market potential, OPOLFED has undertaken marketing of eggs and chicken meat and production of chicks and balanced premixed poultry Government of India have sanctioned a project namely Orissa Womenâ€™s Poultry Project under STEP to be implemented in Angul and Khurda district. This project is to be implemented through OPOLFED with an outlay of Rs.430.776 lakhs. During 2002-03, Government of India have released Rs.1.26 crores as first installment During the year 2002-03, 45 Women Poultry Cooperative Societies have been formed covering 4050 women.
15.4 The hatchery at Similiguda and Koraput are being strengthened with Central Assistance of Rs.68 lakhs from the Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying, Government of India.
16. Small Animal Development:
16.1 Majority of our people are non-vegetarian and usually prefer to take meat of sheep and goat. The State has good potential for development of sheep, goat & piggery resources. The Departmental farms producing improved animals will be strengthened for the purpose. Presently, there are 3 sheep Breeding Farms at Deogaon (Bolangir) Chiplima (Sambalpur), Ghatagaon (Keonjhar), Kuarmunda (Sundergarh) and 2 Pig Breeding Farms at chiplima (Sambalpur) & Matkambeda (Keonjhar).
There is a proposal to set-up 2 more Pig Farms at Randapali in Koraput and another at Malkangiri. The animals produced in these small animal farms are being supplied to the beneficiaries and farmers under SGSY / PMRY schemes for self employment programme.
17. Feed And Fodder Development:
17.1 Shortage of feed and fodder resources for livestock population in the state is one of the major constraints for low livestock production. Sufficient green fodder is essential for production of milk and meat. Green feed reduces the production cost of milk, meat & egg. The Departmental fodder seed farms are producing fodder seeds and distributing among farmers at subsidized rate. One Deputy Director (Fodder) has been in exclusive charge of this programme at Directorate level. Presently, there are 8 Fodder Production Farms in the State. A Minikit Programme has been launched to raise fodder in the farmerâ€™s land. Under this programme, different fodder seeds are being supplied on subsidized rates. During 2002-03, the Departmental feed mixing centers have produced 660.36 quintals of cattle, poultry and small animal feeds for supply to departmental farms and public. There is a Feed analytical Laboratory at Bhubaneswar for conducting quality check of cattle feed.
18. External Aided Projects Supporting ARD:
18.1 Two externally aided projects namely Indo-Swiss project & Indo-Danish project are in operation at Bhubaneswar and Koraput respectively to step-up Animal Husbandry Development in the State. Recently, Indo-Swiss project has started its functioning at Berhampur for development of breeding activities as sustainable land use activities in Ganjam and Gajapati districts. The project is expanding its activities to other districts to render training to Departmental staff and public. The programme is laying stress on Human and Institutional Development (HID) related activities.
18.2 The Danida assisted Integrated Livestock Development Project (ILDP) aimed at developing the economic standard of tribal people through AH practices by popularizing fodder cultivation and upgradation of local breeds. This project has been phased out during 2002-03.
19. Self-Employment Project:
19.1 There is ample scope of self employment in animal husbandry sector. Different agencies like DRDA, DICâ€™s, Banks, ITDA, OSFDC are providing financial assistance for self-employment. Financial assistance are also available under KSK and PMRY schemes. The departmental officers have been providing all possible assistance and technical guidance to the farmers and self-help groups to get self-employed in AH sector by availing financial assistance from different agencies. Since rural women play a very significant role in livestock management, many women self-help groups have been formed for dairy farming.
19.2 The achievements under these programmes during 2002-03 is given below:
20. Veterinary Services and Animal Health:
20.1 The Department takes care of animal health through a vast network of 540 Veterinary Hospitals and Dispensaries and 2939 Livestock Aid Centers. These Veterinary Institutions look after health care services of livestock in the State. The Department has 799 qualified Veterinarians and 3031 para veterinarian staffs.
20.2 The disease Central programmes are being monitored by the Deputy Director (Disease Control). The programme includes vaccination programme in the State to control outbreak of HS, BQ, Anthrax, FMD, Fowl-pox & PPR etc. The National Project on Rinderpest Eradication (NPRE) is also in operation.
20.3 There are two Biological Products Institutes functioning at Bhubaneswar and Berhampur to prepare adequate quantity of different vaccines needed for Disease Control Programme in the State
20.4 Disease control and prevention.
a. For control of major livestock and poultry diseases by way of prophylactic vaccination, the required quantity of vaccines are produced in the state at OBPI situated at Bhubaneswar and Berhampur. The vaccines like FMD and PPR which are not produced in the state are purchased by the department and supplied to different districts. The production / purchase and vaccination done during the year 2002-03 is given bellow.
b. Centrally sponsored disease control programme:
To supplement the efforts of the state Governments / UTs in health care programme, the Govt. of India is implementing different schemes under which grants-in-aid is provided to control important livestock diseases.
i. Systematic control of livestock diseases of national importance:
Under this programme, assistance is provided for control of TB, brucellosis, Swine fever, Canine Rabies, Pullarum disease, control of infertility, sterility and abortions in bovines, control of emerging and exotic diseases, strengthening of State Vety. Biological Production centres and poultry disease diagnostic labs.
ii. Animal Disease Surveillance:
This programme envisage collection of information on the incidence of various livestock and poultry diseases from the State. The information so compiled is disseminated in term of a monthly ADS bulletin. The scheme indicates disease situation in the country as well as in the state and also helps in working out detailed control programmes for diseases.
iii. National Project on Rinderperst Eradication (NPRE):
The main objective of the project is to eradicate Rinderpest following the pathway prescribed by the OIE. The state has been declared free of RP since October 1996. On completion of the preparatory phase and eradication phase, now the surveillance phase is under progress. The ultimate target of which is to reach â€œFreedom from RP infectionâ€ through.
a. The active physical surveillance of all the villages along with the stock route search.
b. The passive surveillance by inspection of day book of all the Vety. Hospitals/ Dispensaries etc. to detect any hidden foci of Rinderpest.
c.The sero surveillance programme being undertaken in 3 phases containing 101 villages in each phase in the state as per the sampling frame provided by ETDMC, Bangalore in the selected villages where identification of eligible animals has been done and sera sample are being collected from these animals @ 60 samples / Village and subjected to ELISA test to know the sero negative / sero positive animals.
21. Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals:
This is a state level registered body functioning since 1936. The society aims at preventing cruelty to animals by enforcement of provisions of PCA Act-1960 (Central Act) and to arouse public consciousness through suitable propaganda and advertisement.
22. Devolution of Power to Local Bodies:
The 73rd amendment of the constitution require State Governments to endow the Panchayati Raj Institutions with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as instiutions of Self Government. Accordingly, the CDVO, VAS & Livestock Inspector functioning at district, block and Gram Panchayat level have been made accountable to Panchayati Raj Institutions at respective level.