Diary Development activities in the State plays a vital role for up-gradation of socio-economic status of the rural poor. Dairy Development activities are undertaken through ARD Department and Orissa State Co-operative Milk Producers Federation Ltd. (OMFED). Similarly, National Project for Cattle & Buffalo Breeding (NPCBB), a Central sponsored scheme is in operation to upgrade the local cattle & buffalo population and create productive stock in the State. Presently, 8 LBD Farms are functioning under the ARD Department for the purpose of production of breeding bulls to upgrade the local stock and the demonstration purpose for the farmers. Presently, OMFED has taken up the responsibility of milk procurement, processing, marketing through Dairy Co-operatives. In order to boost up the Diary Development activities in the State financial assistance are being provided by the Govt. of India under different schemes. So also farmers are being provided financial assistance for keeping the cows under different schemes to develop their socio-economic status and also employment facilities are provided, out of those programmes. The details of which are indicated below:
Scenario of Milk Production:
Milk production in the State since 1994-95 is no the rising trend. During the year 1994-95 the estimated milk production of the State was 584.39 TMT and it reached at all time high production of 1282.76 TMT during the year 2004-05. All out efforts are being made to improve the milk production in the State. The year wise milk production and per-capita availability of milk is as follows:
As per sample survey report 2003-04:
Milk Production in India â€“ 88080 TMT
Milk Production in Orissa â€“ 995.08 TMT
Position of Orissa in Milk Production â€“ 16th place in India
The different ongoing activities for the purpose of Dairy Development in the State are as follows:
There are 7 nos. of LBD Farms and one ECB Farm are functioning in the State. These farms were established in the State with the following objectives;
These farms act as a Demonstration Unit to the farmers interested in the AH Programme in the locality. In the past years, the different breeds like, Red Sindhi, Haryana, Murrah Buffalo, Cross-bred Jersey animals were maintained in the different LBD Farms, where as pure Jersey animals were maintained at Exotic Cattle Breeding Farm, Chipilima.
Out of 11 LBD Farms and one ECB Farm, the LBD Farm at Phulbani has been closed and presently the Goat Rearing Farms is functioning in the campus. There are no Dairy cows at LBD Farm, Bhawanipatna, Bolangir and Kathapal. The FSB, Bhawanipatna is functioning in the campus of LBD Farm, Bhawanipatna and bull calves are groomed there for FSB at Kathapal Fodder Seed Production Farm is functioning. At Bolangir there are no animals in the Farm and buildings are in damaged position.
At present, in total 8 Farms are functioning in the State. The types of breeds maintained at different Farms are indicated below:
- ECB Farm, Chipilima – CBJ animals
- LBD Farm, Khapuria – CBJ and pure Murrah Buffalo
- LBD Farm, Keonjhar – CBJ animals
- LBD Farm, Remuna – CBJ and pure Hariyana animals
- LBD Farm, Bhanjanagar – CBJ & Hariyana animals
- LBD Farm, Boudh – CBJ animals
- LBD Farm, Sundargarh – CBJ animals
- LBD Farm, Kuarmunda – CBJ and pure Murrah Buffalo
The status of LBD / ECB Farm as on 30.11.2005
Presently, OMFED has taken up the responsibility of Milk Production & Marketing in all districts of the State through Dairy Co-operatives. The financial assistance provided by Govt. of India for Dairy Development activities are being utilized by OMFED for different districts Milk Unions. The ongoing projects of Govt. of India being implemented in the State as follows:
Integrated Dairy Development Project (IDDP):
Govt. of India is providing cent percent financial assistance for Dairy Development activities in the State in different phases of IDDP. First Phase of IDDP started during the year 1993-94 and so far three phases of IDDP has been completed. Presently, IDDP Phase-IV & V are in operation and the achievements are as follow:
This project was sanctioned at a total cost of Rs. 631.00 Lakhs covering the period from 1993-94 to 1996-97 and implemented in 9 districts viz. Koraput, Rayagada, Nawarangpur, Kalahandi, Nuapada, Bolangir, Sonepur and Boudh. In this phase infrastructure facilities like â€“ installation of 4 Chilling Plants at Phulbani, Nawarangpur, Nuapada and Saintala in Bolangir district were created. One Dairy Plant at Jeypore in Koraput district and one LN2 Plant at Rayagada were also established. 247 nos. of MPCS were organized and 14,720 farmer members were enrolled. Various training and extension programmes were also undertaken to create awareness among the farmers and bring them into the co-operative fold.
This project was sanctioned at a total cost of Rs. 443.21 Lakhs covering 3 undivided districts of Balasore, Mayurbhanj and Sundargarh from the period 1994-95 to 1996-97. The infrastructure facilities like â€“ installation of 4000 LPD Chilling Plant in the districts of Balasore, Mayurbhanj and Sundargarh were created. One 10,000 LPD Dairy Plant has also been established at Remuna in Balasore district. 150 MPCS were organized and 14,000 farmers were enrolled during this period. The training and extension programme were also continued.
This project was sanctioned at a total cost of Rs. 621.84 Lakhs covering the period from 1998-97 to 2002-03. The IDDP programme was continued in all 13 districts along with new district of Malkangiri. During this period, infrastructure facilities like â€“ 3 Road Milk Tankers, 13 cattle feed stores and 29 Bulk Coolers have already been created. 10,000 LPD Diary Plant has been established at Bhawanipatna. Besides, 352 nos. of MPCS have been organized and 19,043 nos. of new members have been enrolled. The training and extension programme are being continued.
The project is implemented through OMFED in the districts of Jajpur, Ganjam and Angul at a total cost of Rs. 784.53 Lakhs. The duration of the project is from 2000-01 to 2004-05.
The project is being implanted in the districts of Bhadrak, Balasore and Mayurbhanj at a total cost of Rs. 556.16 Lakhs. The duration of the project is from 2005-06 to 2009-2010.
The proposal for sanction of the period at a total cost of Rs. 605.73 Lakhs for the districts of Kalahandi, Nuapada and Bolangir have already been submitted by OMFED to Govt. of India for approval. Govt. of India has provisionally sanctioned the project for Rs. 563.97 Lakhs to be implemented during the period 2005-06 to 2009-2010.
Clean Milk Production:
Govt. of India has approved the project for the following districts of the State as indicated below. The project is implemented through OMFED. The financial assistance to be provided by Govt. of India and share of the implementing agency is as detailed below:
Support to Training & Employment Programme (STEP):
This project is approved by the Department of Child & Women Development, Govt. of India. The women are to be provided with training for their self-employment.
The project is being implemented through OMFED in the districts of Sambalpur and Balasore.
Under this programme assistance for Dairy Development activities in the KBK districts are being provided for creating infrastructure, organization of MPCS, support to MPCS and Manpower development. Funds provided for the districts in different years are detailed below:
In order to provide financial assistance for self-employment to the rural people, Central / State Govt. is providing financial assistance to the beneficiaries under various schemes, like PMRY, SGSY, KSK etc.
Introduction on ECB Farms
Status Report on ECB Farm / LBD Farms-1
Status Report on ECB Farm / LBD Farms-2
Status Report on ECB Farm / LBD Farms-3
Status Report on ECB Farm / LBD Farms-4
Status Report on ECB Farm / LBD Farms-5
- To produce High Pedigree Bulls for breeding purpose to improve productivity of the local non-descriptive animals in the State through Natural Services / Artificial Insemination.
- To work as demonstration unit for farmers on breeding, feeding and management.
- To produce and supply pure milk to the consumers.
- To produce and supply fodder and root-slips to the local farmers and to propagate fodder cultivation programme in the locality.